Angular + Spring Boot CRUD示例


Spring Angular CRUD应用

在本节中,我们将开发一个CRUD(创建读取更新更新删除)Web应用程序。该应用程序包含学生表单,该表单包含CRUD功能,例如添加,查看,删除和更新学生。在这种集成中,我们使用Spring Boot处理后端部分,使用Angular处理前端部分。

申请工作

  • 在将应用程序部署到服务器上后,将在Web浏览器中生成学生表格。
  • 该表格便于添加和查看学生。
  • 单击添加学生链接后,页面将重定向到创建学生表单,我们可以在其中填写所需的详细信息并提交,从而添加学生。
  • 使用查看学生链接,我们可以获取现有学生的详细信息。在这里,每个学生还包含更新和删除链接。
  • 因此,我们可以更新学生的详细信息,也可以将其从数据库中删除。
  • 完成后,在Web浏览器中提供URL http:// localhost:4200 /。

使用工具

  • 使用任何IDE来开发Spring和Hibernate项目。可能是STS / Eclipse / Netbeans。在这里,我们正在使用STS(Spring工具套件)。
  • MySQL用于数据库。
  • 使用任何IDE来开发Angular项目。它可能是Visual Studio代码/ Sublime。在这里,我们正在使用Visual Studio Code。
  • 服务器:Apache Tomcat / JBoss / Glassfish / Weblogic / Websphere。

我们使用的技术

在这里,我们使用以下技术:

  • SpringBoot 2
  • 休眠5
  • 角度6
  • MySQL数据库

创建数据库

让我们创建一个数据库indigo 。由于Hibernate自动创建了表,因此无需创建表。

弹簧模块

让我们看看我们需要遵循的Spring Boot的目录结构:

要开发CRUD应用程序,请按照以下步骤操作:-

  • 将依赖项添加到pom.xml文件。
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>2.1.4.RELEASE</version>
        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>
    <groupId>com.main</groupId>
    <artifactId>Student</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <name>Student</name>
    <description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>

    <properties>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
    
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-devtools</artifactId>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
    
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <scope>runtime</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>

</project>
  • 创建配置类我们执行基于注释的配置,而不是XML。因此,我们创建一个类Config.java并在其中指定所需的配置。但是,还有一个配置类StudentApplication.java。此类由Spring Boot自动提供。

配置文件

package config;

import java.util.Properties;
import javax.sql.DataSource;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.EnableAutoConfiguration;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.orm.jpa.HibernateJpaAutoConfiguration;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ComponentScan;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ComponentScans;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DriverManagerDataSource;
import org.springframework.orm.hibernate5.HibernateTransactionManager;
import org.springframework.orm.hibernate5.LocalSessionFactoryBean;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.EnableTransactionManagement;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver;


@Configuration
@EnableTransactionManagement
@EnableAutoConfiguration(exclude = { HibernateJpaAutoConfiguration.class})
@ComponentScans(value = { @ComponentScan("boot.entry"),
          @ComponentScan("Model"),
          @ComponentScan("Controller"),
          @ComponentScan("DAO"),
          @ComponentScan("Miscallaneous"),
          @ComponentScan("Service")})
public class Config {

     @Value("${db.driver}")
        private String DB_DRIVER;

        @Value("${db.password}")
        private String DB_PASSWORD;

        @Value("${db.url}")
        private String DB_URL;

        @Value("${db.username}")
        private String DB_USERNAME;

        @Value("${hibernate.dialect}")
        private String HIBERNATE_DIALECT;

        @Value("${hibernate.show_sql}")
        private String HIBERNATE_SHOW_SQL;

        @Value("${hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto}")
        private String HIBERNATE_HBM2DDL_AUTO;

        @Value("${entitymanager.packagesToScan}")
        private String ENTITYMANAGER_PACKAGES_TO_SCAN;

        @Bean
        public LocalSessionFactoryBean sessionFactory() {
            LocalSessionFactoryBean sessionFactory = new LocalSessionFactoryBean();
            sessionFactory.setDataSource(dataSource());
            sessionFactory.setPackagesToScan(ENTITYMANAGER_PACKAGES_TO_SCAN);
            Properties hibernateProperties = new Properties();
            hibernateProperties.put("hibernate.dialect", HIBERNATE_DIALECT);
            hibernateProperties.put("hibernate.show_sql", HIBERNATE_SHOW_SQL);
            hibernateProperties.put("hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto", HIBERNATE_HBM2DDL_AUTO);
            sessionFactory.setHibernateProperties(hibernateProperties);
            return sessionFactory;
        }

        @Bean
        public DataSource dataSource() {
            DriverManagerDataSource dataSource = new DriverManagerDataSource();
            dataSource.setDriverClassName(DB_DRIVER);
            dataSource.setUrl(DB_URL);
            dataSource.setUsername(DB_USERNAME);
            dataSource.setPassword(DB_PASSWORD);
            return dataSource;
        }

        @Bean
        public HibernateTransactionManager transactionManager() {
            HibernateTransactionManager txManager = new HibernateTransactionManager();
            txManager.setSessionFactory(sessionFactory().getObject());
            return txManager;
        }
        
        @Bean
        public InternalResourceViewResolver jspViewResolver() {
            InternalResourceViewResolver resolver= new InternalResourceViewResolver();
            resolver.setPrefix("/views/");
            resolver.setSuffix(".jsp");
            return resolver;
        } 
       
       
       
    }

StudentApplication.java

package config;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

@SpringBootApplication
public class StudentApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(StudentApplication.class, args);
    }

}
  • 创建实体类在这里,我们将创建一个Entity / POJO(普通旧Java对象)类。

学生.java

package Model;

import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.GenerationType;
import javax.persistence.Id;
import javax.persistence.Table;

@Entity
@Table(name="student")
public class Student {
    @Id
    @GeneratedValue(strategy=GenerationType.IDENTITY)
    private int student_id;
    private String student_name;
    private String student_email;
    private String student_branch;
    public int getStudent_id() {
        return student_id;
    }
    public void setStudent_id(int student_id) {
        this.student_id = student_id;
    }
    public String getStudent_name() {
        return student_name;
    }
    public void setStudent_name(String student_name) {
        this.student_name = student_name;
    }
    public String getStudent_email() {
        return student_email;
    }
    public void setStudent_email(String student_email) {
        this.student_email = student_email;
    }
    public String getStudent_branch() {
        return student_branch;
    }
    public void setStudent_branch(String student_branch) {
        this.student_branch = student_branch;
    }

    
}
  • 创建DAO接口在这里,我们将创建DAO接口以执行与数据库相关的操作。

Student_DAO.java

package DAO;

import java.util.List;

import Model.Student;

public interface Student_DAO {

    public boolean saveStudent(Student student);
    public List<Student> getStudents();
    public boolean deleteStudent(Student student);
    public List<Student> getStudentByID(Student student);
    public boolean updateStudent(Student student);
}
  • 创建DAO接口实现类

Student_DAO_Imp.java

package DAO;

import java.util.List;


import org.hibernate.Session;
import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.hibernate.query.Query;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository;


import Model.Student;

@Repository
public class Student_DAO_Imp  implements Student_DAO{

    @Autowired
    private SessionFactory sessionFactory;
    
    @Override
    public boolean saveStudent(Student student) {
        boolean status=false;
        try {
            sessionFactory.getCurrentSession().save(student);
            status=true;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return status;
    }

    @Override
    public List<Student> getStudents() {
        Session currentSession = sessionFactory.getCurrentSession();
        Query<Student> query=currentSession.createQuery("from Student", Student.class);
        List<Student> list=query.getResultList();
        return list;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean deleteStudent(Student student) {
        boolean status=false;
        try {
            sessionFactory.getCurrentSession().delete(student);
            status=true;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return status;
    }

    @Override
    public List<Student> getStudentByID(Student student) {
        Session currentSession = sessionFactory.getCurrentSession();
        Query<Student> query=currentSession.createQuery("from Student where student_id=:student_id", Student.class);
        query.setParameter("student_id", student.getStudent_id());
        List<Student> list=query.getResultList();
        return list;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean updateStudent(Student student) {
        boolean status=false;
        try {
            sessionFactory.getCurrentSession().update(student);
            status=true;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return status;
    }
    
    

}
  • 创建服务层接口

在这里,我们正在创建一个服务层接口,该接口充当DAO和Entity类之间的桥梁。

Student_Service.java

package Service;

import java.util.List;
import Model.Student;

public interface Student_Service {

    
    public boolean saveStudent(Student student);
    public List<Student> getStudents();
    public boolean deleteStudent(Student student);
    public List<Student> getStudentByID(Student student);
    public boolean updateStudent(Student student);
}
  • 创建服务层实现类

Student_Service_Imp.java

package Service;

import java.util.List;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;
import DAO.Student_DAO;
import Model.Student;

@Service
@Transactional
public class Student_Service_Imp implements Student_Service {
 
    @Autowired
    private Student_DAO studentdao;
    
    @Override
    public boolean saveStudent(Student student) {
        return studentdao.saveStudent(student);
    }

    @Override
    public List<Student> getStudents() {
        return studentdao.getStudents();
    }

    @Override
    public boolean deleteStudent(Student student) {
        return studentdao.deleteStudent(student);
    }

    @Override
    public List<Student> getStudentByID(Student student) {
        return studentdao.getStudentByID(student);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean updateStudent(Student student) {
        return studentdao.updateStudent(student);
    }

}
  • 创建控制器类

Controller.java

package Controller;

import java.util.List;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.CrossOrigin;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.DeleteMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PostMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestBody;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import Model.Student;
import Service.Student_Service;

@RestController
@CrossOrigin(origins="http://localhost:4200")
@RequestMapping(value="/api")
public class Controller {
    
    @Autowired
    private Student_Service studentservice;
    
    @PostMapping("save-student")
    public boolean saveStudent(@RequestBody Student student) {
         return studentservice.saveStudent(student);
        
    }
    
    @GetMapping("students-list")
    public List<Student> allstudents() {
         return studentservice.getStudents();
        
    }
    
    @DeleteMapping("delete-student/{student_id}")
    public boolean deleteStudent(@PathVariable("student_id") int student_id,Student student) {
        student.setStudent_id(student_id);
        return studentservice.deleteStudent(student);
    }

    @GetMapping("student/{student_id}")
    public List<Student> allstudentByID(@PathVariable("student_id") int student_id,Student student) {
         student.setStudent_id(student_id);
         return studentservice.getStudentByID(student);
        
    }
    
    @PostMapping("update-student/{student_id}")
    public boolean updateStudent(@RequestBody Student student,@PathVariable("student_id") int student_id) {
        student.setStudent_id(student_id);
        return studentservice.updateStudent(student);
    }
}
  • 编辑application.properties文件在这里,我们正在编辑src / main / resources文件夹中存在的application.properties文件。以下文件包含配置属性。

application.properties

# Database
db.driver= com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
db.url= jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/indigo
db.username=root
db.password=

# Hibernate
hibernate.dialect=org.hibernate.dialect.MySQL5Dialect
hibernate.show_sql=true
hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto=update
entitymanager.packagesToScan=Model

角度模块

让我们看看我们需要遵循的Angular目录结构:

  • 创建一个Angular项目

让我们使用以下命令创建一个Angular项目:

<em>ng新角度</em>


在这里, Angular是项目的名称。

安装Bootstrap CSS框架

使用以下命令在项目中安装引导程序。

<em>npm install bootstrap@3.3.7-保存</em>

现在,在style.css文件中包含以下代码。

@import "~bootstrap/dist/css/bootstrap.css";

安装Angular-DataTable

使用以下命令在项目中安装角度数据表。

<em>npm install angular-datatable-保存</em>

必须在app.module.ts文件的imports数组中包括DataTableModule。

  • 生成组件在Visual Studio中打开项目,然后使用以下命令生成Angular组件: ng gc AddStudent ng gc StudentList

我们还使用以下命令创建服务类:-

<em>ng gs学生</em>

  • 编辑app.module.ts文件
    • 导入路由-在这里,我们将导入路由文件(app-routing.module.ts)并将其包含在imports数组中。
    • Import ReactiveFormsModule-在这里,我们将为反应形式导入ReactiveFormsModule ,并在imports数组中指定它。
    • Import HttpModule-在这里,我们将为服务器请求导入HttpModule ,并在imports数组中指定它。
    • 注册服务类-在这里,我们在提供者的数组中提到了服务类。
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { AppRoutingModule } from './app-routing.module';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { FormsModule, ReactiveFormsModule } from '@angular/forms';
import { HttpClientModule } from '@angular/common/http';
import {DataTablesModule} from 'angular-datatables';
import { StudentListComponent } from './student-list/student-list.component';
import { AddStudentComponent } from './add-student/add-student.component';

@NgModule({
  declarations: [
    AppComponent,
    StudentListComponent,
    AddStudentComponent,
  ],
  imports: [
    BrowserModule,
    AppRoutingModule,
    FormsModule,
    ReactiveFormsModule,
    HttpClientModule,
    DataTablesModule
  ],
  providers: [],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }
  • 编辑app-routing.module.ts文件
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { Routes, RouterModule } from '@angular/router';
import { StudentListComponent } from './student-list/student-list.component';
import { AddStudentComponent } from './add-student/add-student.component';

const routes: Routes = [
  { path: '', redirectTo: 'view-student', pathMatch: 'full' },
  { path: 'view-student', component: StudentListComponent },
  { path: 'add-student', component: AddStudentComponent },
];

@NgModule({
  imports: [RouterModule.forRoot(routes)],
  exports: [RouterModule]
})
export class AppRoutingModule { }
  • 编辑app.component.html文件
    <div  class="container-fluid">
    <nav class="navbar navbar-expand-sm bg-dark navbar-dark">
        <ul class="navbar-nav">
          <li class="nav-item ">
            <a routerLink="view-student" class="nav-link" class="btn btn-primary active" role="button" >View Student</a>
          </li> 
          <li class="nav-item">
            <a  routerLink="add-student" class="nav-link" class="btn btn-primary active" role="button" >Add Student</a>
          </li>          
        </ul>
      </nav>   
        <router-outlet></router-outlet>
    </div>
  • 创建Student.ts

让我们使用以下命令创建一个类:-

<em>ng班学生</em>

现在,在Student类中指定必填字段。

export class Student {

    student_id:number;
    student_name:String;
    student_email:String;
    student_branch:String;
}

该类的目的是将指定的字段与Spring实体类的字段进行映射。

  • 编辑student.service.ts文件
import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs';

@Injectable({
  providedIn: 'root'
})

export class StudentService {

  private baseUrl = 'http://localhost:8080/api/';

  constructor(private http:HttpClient) { }

  getStudentList(): Observable<any> {
    return this.http.get(`${this.baseUrl}`+'students-list');
  }

  createStudent(student: object): Observable<object> {
    return this.http.post(`${this.baseUrl}`+'save-student', student);
  }

  deleteStudent(id: number): Observable<any> {
    return this.http.delete(`${this.baseUrl}/delete-student/${id}`, { responseType: 'text' });
  }

  getStudent(id: number): Observable<Object> {
    return this.http.get(`${this.baseUrl}/student/${id}`);
  }

  updateStudent(id: number, value: any): Observable<Object> {
    return this.http.post(`${this.baseUrl}/update-student/${id}`, value);
  }
  
}
  • 编辑add-student.component.ts文件
import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { StudentService } from '../student.service';
import {FormControl,FormGroup,Validators} from '@angular/forms';
import { Student } from '../student';
@Component({
  selector: 'app-add-student',
  templateUrl: './add-student.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./add-student.component.css']
})
export class AddStudentComponent implements OnInit {

  constructor(private studentservice:StudentService) { }

  student : Student=new Student();
  submitted = false;

  ngOnInit() {
    this.submitted=false;
  }

  studentsaveform=new FormGroup({
    student_name:new FormControl('' , [Validators.required , Validators.minLength(5) ] ),
    student_email:new FormControl('',[Validators.required,Validators.email]),
    student_branch:new FormControl()
  });

  saveStudent(saveStudent){
    this.student=new Student();   
    this.student.student_name=this.StudentName.value;
    this.student.student_email=this.StudentEmail.value;
    this.student.student_branch=this.StudentBranch.value;
    this.submitted = true;
    this.save();
  }

  

  save() {
    this.studentservice.createStudent(this.student)
      .subscribe(data => console.log(data), error => console.log(error));
    this.student = new Student();
  }

  get StudentName(){
    return this.studentsaveform.get('student_name');
  }

  get StudentEmail(){
    return this.studentsaveform.get('student_email');
  }

  get StudentBranch(){
    return this.studentsaveform.get('student_branch');
  }

  addStudentForm(){
    this.submitted=false;
    this.studentsaveform.reset();
  }
}
  • 编辑add-student.component.html文件
<h3>Create Student</h3>
<div class="row">
  <div class="col-sm-4"></div>
  <div class="col-sm-4" >
    <div [hidden]="submitted" style="width: 400px;">
      <form [formGroup]="studentsaveform" #savestudent (ngSubmit)="saveStudent(saveStudent)">
          <div class="form-group">
              <label for="name">Student Name</label>
              <input type="text" class="form-control"  formControlName="student_name" data-toggle="tooltip" 
                 data-placement="right" title="Enter Student Name" >
              <div class="alert alert-danger" *ngIf = "(StudentName.touched) && (StudentName.invalid)" 
                style="margin-top: 5px;">
                  <span *ngIf="StudentName.errors.required">Student Name is Required</span>
                    <span *ngIf = "StudentName.errors.minlength"> 
                        MinLength Error 
                    </span>                   
                </div>
          </div>
  
          <div class="form-group">
              <label for="name">Student Email</label>
              <input type="text" class="form-control" formControlName="student_email" 
                data-toggle="tooltip" data-placement="right" title="Enter Student Email">
                <div class="alert alert-danger" *ngIf = "(StudentEmail.touched) && (StudentEmail.invalid)" 
                style="margin-top: 5px;">
                  <span *ngIf="StudentEmail.errors.required">Student Email is Required</span>
                    <span *ngIf = "StudentEmail.errors.email"> 
                        Invalid Email Format 
                    </span>                   
                </div>
          </div>
  
          <div class="form-group">
              <label for="branch">Student Branch</label>
                <select class="form-control" formControlName="student_branch" data-toggle="tooltip" 
                      data-placement="right" title="Select Student Branch">
                    <option value="null">--Select Branch--</option>
                  <option value="B-Tech">B-Tech</option>
                  <option value="BCA">BCA</option>
                  <option value="MCA">MCA</option>
                  <option value="M-Tech">M-Tech</option>
                </select>
          </div>
  
          <button type="submit" class="btn btn-success">Submit</button>
      </form>
  </div>
  </div>
  <div class="col-sm-4"></div>
</div>
<div class="row">
  <div class="col-sm-4"></div>
  <div class="col-sm-4">
      <div [hidden]="!submitted">
         <h4>Student Added SuccessFully!</h4>
         <button (click)="addStudentForm()" class='btn btn-primary'>Add More Student</button>
      </div>      
  </div>
  <div class="col-sm-4"></div>
</div>

点击添加学生,将生成以下页面:

现在,填写所需的详细信息并提交以添加学生。

  • 编辑student-list.component.ts文件
import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { StudentService } from '../student.service';
import { Student } from '../student';
import { Observable,Subject } from "rxjs";

import {FormControl,FormGroup,Validators} from '@angular/forms';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-student-list',
  templateUrl: './student-list.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./student-list.component.css']
})
export class StudentListComponent implements OnInit {

 constructor(private studentservice:StudentService) { }

  studentsArray: any[] = [];
  dtOptions: DataTables.Settings = {};
  dtTrigger: Subject<any>= new Subject();

  students: Observable<Student[]>;
  student : Student=new Student();
  deleteMessage=false;
  studentlist:any;
  isupdated = false;    
 

  ngOnInit() {
    this.isupdated=false;
    this.dtOptions = {
      pageLength: 6,
      stateSave:true,
      lengthMenu:[[6, 16, 20, -1], [6, 16, 20, "All"]],
      processing: true
    };   
    this.studentservice.getStudentList().subscribe(data =>{
    this.students =data;
    this.dtTrigger.next();
    })
  }
  
  deleteStudent(id: number) {
    this.studentservice.deleteStudent(id)
      .subscribe(
        data => {
          console.log(data);
          this.deleteMessage=true;
          this.studentservice.getStudentList().subscribe(data =>{
            this.students =data
            })
        },
        error => console.log(error));
  }

  updateStudent(id: number){
    this.studentservice.getStudent(id)
      .subscribe(
        data => {
          this.studentlist=data           
        },
        error => console.log(error));
  }

  studentupdateform=new FormGroup({
    student_id:new FormControl(),
    student_name:new FormControl(),
    student_email:new FormControl(),
    student_branch:new FormControl()
  });

  updateStu(updstu){
    this.student=new Student(); 
   this.student.student_id=this.StudentId.value;
   this.student.student_name=this.StudentName.value;
   this.student.student_email=this.StudentEmail.value;
   this.student.student_branch=this.StudentBranch.value;
   console.log(this.StudentBranch.value);
   

   this.studentservice.updateStudent(this.student.student_id,this.student).subscribe(
    data => {     
      this.isupdated=true;
      this.studentservice.getStudentList().subscribe(data =>{
        this.students =data
        })
    },
    error => console.log(error));
  }

  get StudentName(){
    return this.studentupdateform.get('student_name');
  }

  get StudentEmail(){
    return this.studentupdateform.get('student_email');
  }

  get StudentBranch(){
    return this.studentupdateform.get('student_branch');
  }

  get StudentId(){
    return this.studentupdateform.get('student_id');
  }

  changeisUpdate(){
    this.isupdated=false;
  }
}
  • 编辑student-list.component.html文件
<div class="panel panel-default">
  <div class="panel-heading">
      <h1 style="text-align: center">Students</h1><br>
      <div class="row" [hidden]="!deleteMessage">
           
                <div class="col-sm-4"></div>
                <div class="col-sm-4">
                        <div class="alert alert-info alert-dismissible">
                                <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert">×</button>
                                <strong>Student Data Deleted</strong>
                        </div>
                </div>
                <div class="col-sm-4"></div>
        </div>           
    </div>

  
  <div class="panel-body">
      <table  class="table table-hover table-sm" datatable [dtOptions]="dtOptions"
      [dtTrigger]="dtTrigger"  >
          <thead class="thead-light">
              <tr>
                  <th>Student Name</th>
                  <th>Student Email</th>
                  <th>Student Branch</th>
                  <th>Action</th>
                  
              </tr>
          </thead>
          <tbody>
               <tr *ngFor="let student of students ">
                  <td>{{student.student_name}}</td>
                  <td>{{student.student_email}}</td>
                  <td>{{student.student_branch}}</td>
                  <td><button (click)="deleteStudent(student.student_id)" class='btn btn-primary'><i class="fa fa-futboll-0">Delete</i></button> 
                    <button (click)="updateStudent(student.student_id)" class='btn btn-info'
                    data-toggle="modal" data-target="#myModal">Update</button>
                  </td>
                </tr> 
          </tbody><br>
      </table>
  </div>
</div> 

<div class="modal" id="myModal">
        <div class="modal-dialog">
          <div class="modal-content">
                <form [formGroup]="studentupdateform" #updstu (ngSubmit)="updateStu(updstu)">
            <!-- Modal Header -->
            <div class="modal-header">
              <h4 class="modal-title" style="text-align: center">Update Student</h4>
              
            </div>
            
            <!-- Modal body -->
            <div class="modal-body" *ngFor="let student of studentlist " >
                <div [hidden]="isupdated">

                    <input type="hidden" class="form-control"  formControlName="student_id" [(ngModel)]="student.student_id">
                            <div class="form-group">
                                <label for="name">Student Name</label>
                                <input type="text" class="form-control"  formControlName="student_name" [(ngModel)]="student.student_name"  >
                            </div>
                    
                            <div class="form-group">
                                <label for="name">Student Email</label>
                                <input type="text" class="form-control" formControlName="student_email" [(ngModel)]="student.student_email">
                            </div>
                    
                            <div class="form-group">
                                <label for="name">Student Branch</label>
                                  <select class="form-control" formControlName="student_branch" required>                                   
                                    <option value="B-Tech" [selected]="'B-Tech' == student.student_branch">B-Tech</option>
                                    <option value="BCA" [selected]="'BCA' == student.student_branch">BCA</option>
                                    <option value="MCA" [selected]="'MCA' == student.student_branch" >MCA</option>
                                    <option value="M-Tech" [selected]="'M-Tech' == student.student_branch">M-Tech</option>
                                  </select>                               
                            </div>                   
                  </div>  
                  <div [hidden]="!isupdated">
                      <h4>Student Detail Updated!</h4>
                  </div>        
                    
            </div>
            
            <!-- Modal footer -->
            <div class="modal-footer" >
              <button type="submit" class="btn btn-success" [hidden]="isupdated">Update</button>
              <button type="button" class="btn btn-danger" data-dismiss="modal" (click)="changeisUpdate()">Close</button>
            </div>
            
        </form>
          </div>
        </div>
      </div>

点击查看学生,将生成以下页面:

在单击Update Student时,将出现以下引导程序模式:

在这里,我们可以更新现有学生的详细信息。

单击删除后,现有学生将从数据库中删除。让我们看看删除特定学生后的结果。

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